Phragmites is also known as common reed, giant reed, or canegrass. • americanus Saltonstall, 
P.M. Peterson, & Soreng australis generally forms very dense stands, choking out most other species. The North American native type of Phragmites australis has been designated as a separate subspecies: Phragmites australis subsp. Its scientific name is Phragmites australis subsp. Phragmites australis subsp. Branching clusters, taller than wide, 6 to 14 inches long, lance-oval in outline, the main branches spreading to arching, sometimes nodding over to one side of the stem particularly as they dry. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, sun; moist to wet soil; marshes, swamps, fens, sedge meadows, shores, swales, wet ditches. subspecies (americanus) from the invasive subspecies (australis). For details, please check with your state. In either case, Phragmites australis is not likely to be confused with other grasses in Minnesota—it is the tallest grass in the state, though there are other tall grasses with feathery plumes in the nursery trade, such as Pampas Grass and Giant Miscanthus, but have not naturalized here. Phragmites, as P. australis is commonly known, is a perennial grass that grows in wetland areas and can grow up to 15 feet in height. Similar species: native Phragmites (Phragmites australis subsp. americanus. Arundo naga J.König ex Steud.. Arundo nigricans Mérat. A second genetic type designated as the ‘Gulf’ type is native to Mexico and Central America and cryptogenic to the southern U.S., but it is clearly spreading along the southern tier of states. Extent of range: According to the Great Lakes Phragmites Collaborative , invasive phragmitis is now found in the contiguous United States (all 48 states) and all of the Canadian provinces. australis page for more images and additional information on this invasive pest. The native haplotypes are important components of wetland ecosystems, while a non-native haplotype introduced in the nineteenth century has become an aggressive invader. Reed grass (Phragmites australis) is a 1.5 to 5 m tall perennial grass commonly found in riparian areas and along the edges of wetlands. A second genetic type designated as the ‘Gulf’ type is native to Mexico and Central America and cryptogenic to the southern U.S., but it is clearly spreading along the southern tier of states. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. It usually gets about 6.5 feet high, though it can be taller in rich soils. The invasive subspecies of phragmites (Phragmites australis) looks very similar to a native species (Phragmites americanus), and it is imperative that a stand be identified as invasive before implementing a management plan. Both sub-species can be found in Nebraska. Both sub-species can be found in Nebraska. The following table can be used to help altissimus (Benth.) (Saltonstall, P.M. Peterson, & Soreng) A. Haines Similar species: Native Phragmites (Phragmites australis ssp. Americanus (native), of the family Poaceae, the grass family. americanus) Origin: The invasive plant was introduced to the east coast in the 1800s and has been expanding westward. grown in the greenhouse at . you. Native Phragmites australis subsp. americanus (native). All images and text © established phragmites, complete eradi-cation may not be achievable. The Ontario Phragmites Working Group (OPWG) is composed of dedicated people with an interest in working together to facilitate effective management of invasive Phragmites in Ontario. NC. americanus and berlandieri), though there is talk of raising subsp. The two subspecies are separated on the basis of glume length, culm/stem colour, leaf colour, and habitat. americanus (Poaceae: Arundinoideae) in North America: Evidence from morphological and genetic analyses November 2003 SIDA 21(2):683-692 Grains (seeds) are 2 to 3 mm long but rarely mature. the state. australis and americanus: See photos below for comparisons of most of these traits, and the subsp. Both sub-species can be found in Nebraska. RESUMEN Se describe una nueva subespecie nativa Phragmites australis subsp. For example, the Muskrat, Mallard, Wood Duck, Canadian Goose, and Differential Grasshopper all consume Phragmites as a food source. It most often forms either loose or localized colonies, which allow for the co-occurrence other species. Invasive phragmites (pronounced “frag-my-teez”) differs from its native counterpart (Phragmites australis americanus) by growing in extremely dense stands crowding out other species. Both sub-species can be found in Nebraska. to exist in the county by Until recently these two taxa were not distinguished, and efforts to eradicate the common reed may have impacted populations of the less common American reed. The World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, viðhaldið af Kew Garden í London, viðurkennir eftirfarandi fjórar tegundir:. australis (non-native) and Phragmites australis subsp. Invasive vs. native. australis (non-native) and Phragmites australis subsp. post Native Phragmites australis subsp. American reed is the native close relative to the invasive common reed (Phragmites australis). INTRODUCTION. With a little training this native subspecies can be differentiated from the exotic subspecies, australis.Populations form small, somewhat dense, and almost monotypic stands. Tidal river shores, fens, lake shores. americanus to species rank, Phragmites americanus, already accepted in some circles. Phragmites er ættkvísl fjögurra tegunda fjölærra grasa sem vaxa í votlendi í tempruð- og hitabeltis- svæðum um heiminn. Phragmites australis Trin. An aggressive, nonnative variety of phragmites (Phragmites australis), americanus (Poaceae: Arundinoideae) in North America: evidence from morphological and genetic analyses. – heimsútbreiðsla; Phragmites japonicus Steud. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. American reed. Do you know how aggressive the native subspecies can be? Non-native Phragmites, also known as common reed, is an extremely tall wetland grass. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. 1999), of temperate and tropical wetlands all over the world. Florets dry to tan and drop away when mature, leaving the glumes behind persisting on the stalk with the lowest part of the hairy rachilla, giving the remaining seed head a feathery look. If the plants are overwhelmingly dominant in an area, some positive benefits can be noted. Sheaths are smooth, the edges overlapping near the tip or not, and sometimes have short hairs along the edge. Phragmites australis subsp. It is considered an invasive plant that causes problems for wetland communities by creating a monoculture which outcompetes the native vegetation for space. australis. NH, Phragmites australis subsp. See the glossary for icon descriptions. australis is causing serious problems for many other North American hydrophyte wetland plants, including the native Phragmites australis subsp. Phragmites australis is a PERENNIAL growing to 3.6 m (11ft) by 3 m (9ft) at a fast rate. berlandieri is found in the southern US from California to Florida and into Mexico. Most of the records in the Bell Herbarium have no subspecies designation but are assumed to be the native, the older records in particular. Phragmites berlandieri is lectotypified. ex Steud. Phragmites (Phragmites australis) Phragmites are an invasive species to the United States and the origin of their arrival is unknown, however, their rapid spread throughout North America has affected ecosystems and property values alike. Spikelets are purplish when young, somewhat flattened, with 3 to 11 florets. As new information is available, discriminating morphological characteristics are updated at www.invasiveplants.net [ 26 ]. CT, MA, ME, It currently has 3 recognized subspecies: one European (subsp. It is in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. North American reed grass (P. australis americanus). australis ) and two North American (subsps. At the base of a spikelet is a pair of bracts (glumes) that are narrowly lance-shaped with a long taper to a pointed tip, 1-veined, the lower glume 3 to 7mm long (typically more than 4), the upper 5.5 to 11mm (typically more than 6). Phragmites australis ssp. Americanus (native), of the family Poaceae, the grass family. Sida, 21:683-692 The American Common Reed, Phragmites australis americanus, is a native plant to almost all of North America, except Alaska, the Yukon, and much of the Northwest Territory. Both sub-species can be found in Nebraska. ex Steud. americanus, native to fens, bogs and river shores within its North American range (Catling 2005) and more widespread in BC. Note: when native and non-native Phragmites australis americanus An Ornamental Grass You Won’t Want to Grow Standard. Recognition of Phragmites australis subsp. Phragmites australis (Cav.) americanus - native Family: Poaceae (Grass family) Native vs. Non-native. Americanus (native), of the family Poaceae, the grass family. 2) the native Phragmites australis subsp. Found this plant? The two subspecies are separated on the basis of glume length, culm/stem colour, leaf colour, and habitat. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Evidence from fossilized dung of the ground sloth, phragmites was present in North America as long as 40,000 years ago and fossil phragmites seeds found in peat samples date back 3,500 years. 2020 Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. It currently has 3 recognized subspecies: one European ( subsp. australis (non-native) or Phragmites australis subsp. americanus) has smooth, flexible stems, often with shiny, round, black spots (a fungus). There’s a native Phragmites americanus that looks very similar, but is less robust and less inclined to spread than Phragmites australis, whose origins are in Europe. Phragmites australis americanus) Figure 2. P. australis americanus. americanus (Poaceae: Arundinoideae) in North America: Evidence from morphological and genetic analyses November 2003 SIDA 21(2):683-692 ex Steud. Phragmites australis (Cav.) Thanks for your understanding. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Phragmites, pronounced with a short ӑ, long ī and a long ē, is derived fr… Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. ssp. Surrounding a floret is a pair of bracts (lemma and palea), the lemma narrowly lance-linear with a long taper to a pointed tip but not awned, 8 to 13.5mm long, the edges rolled in (involute), 3 to 7 veined; the palea is pale, half or less as long as the lemma and blunt at the tip. The native haplotypes are important components of wetland ecosystems, while a non-native haplotype introduced in the nineteenth century has become an aggressive invader. Native vs. Non-native. Phragmites australis in Northern Michigan Abstract Phragmites australis, or common reed, is represented by several subspecies (haplotypes) in North America. However, they are relatively easy to distinguish, and genetic studies confirm these morphological differences. americanus has high genetic diversity, and both cpDNA and nuclear DNA reflect genetic structuring among Atlantic Coast, Midwest, and West populations (Saltonstall 2003a, b).It has higher cpDNA haplotype diversity than other lineages in North America or those in European populations. Reed grass (Phragmites australis) is a 1.5 to 5 m tall perennial grass commonly found in riparian areas and along the edges of wetlands. Native Phragmites The invasive subspecies (australis) of Phragmites is similar to a native species (subspecies americanus), and it is imperative that a stand be identified before implementing a management plan. It can be difficult to distinguish between the native and invasive haplotypes while in the field, but many resources exist to help people identify which one they are dealing with. Native Phragmites The invasive subspecies (australis) of Phragmites is similar to a native species (subspecies americanus), and it is imperative that a stand be identified before implementing a management plan. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? When large-scale control is planned any stands of native Phragmites … State documented: documented americanus (Poaceae: Arundinoideae) in North America: evidence from morphological and genetic analyses Journal/Book Name, Vol. Saltonstall K, Peterson PM, Soreng RJ, 2004. .) Leaves are blue-green, 15 to 20 inches long, and one to one and a half inches wide. Native vs. Non-native. Your help is appreciated. Native vs. Non-native. Although non-native Phragmites australis reigns supreme in terms of publicity, it is important remember that we also have stands of native Phragmites throughout the Great Lakes region. state. americanus, P. a. var. americanus - native Family: Poaceae (Grass family) Native vs. Non-native. americanus is widespread in North America, but its national distribution is not altogether clear since the separation of subspecies is more or less a recent thing. Phragmites australis is a wetland grass with a feathery plume at the tip of a tall, leafy stem, and is one of the most widely distributed flowering plants in the world. americanus is … ssp. Gallic acid released by phragmites is degraded by ultraviolet light to produce mesoxalic acid , effectively hitting susceptible plants and seedlings with two harmful toxins. August 30, 2018 – Etienne Herrick, USGS Great Lakes Science Center. It is not an invasive plant. Eurasian common reed in late summer. Both sub-species can be found in Nebraska. Phragmites australis subsp. Native Phragmites australis ssp. For more than 25 years I have observed Phragmites’effects on important habitats and attempted to control it without causing any harm to the habitats I work in, all of which support species and communities of conservation concern in Massachusetts. INTRODUCTION. unintentionally); has become naturalized. Also covers those considered historical (not seen Pick an image for a larger view. Where in Minnesota? I believe we have a pretty large stand of it on a new property on Lake Virginia in Excelsior, and would like to select adjacent plants accordingly. Upper stems are green, lower to mid stems are somewhat shiny and maroon to reddish brown, though the color may fade in winter. A key and distribution maps to the three lineages are included. Its scientific name is Phragmites australis subsp. It is sometimes regarded as the sole species of the genus Phragmites, though some botanists divide Phragmites australis into three or four species and in particular the South Asian Khagra Reed (P. karka) is often treated as distinct. australis is a cosmopolitan wetland grass that is invasive in many regions of the world, including North America, where it co-occurs with the closely related Phragmites australis subsp. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. Figure 1. grown in the greenhouse at . Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. Your email address: (required) americanus. No. The most apparent distinguishing field character is that the middle and upper stem internodes of American reed are smooth, shiny and red-brown to dark red-brown during the growing season. It grows in scattered stands among other vegetation. Its scientific name is Phragmites australis subsp. Its scientific name is Phragmites australis subsp. Phragmites australis, known as common reed, is a broadly distributed wetland grass growing nearly 20 ft (6 m) tall.. Taxonomy. 2) the native Phragmites australis subsp. In common reed by contrast, the middle to upper stem internodes are dull, ridged, and tan-colored during the growing season. Its inflorescence is usually sparser than non-native Phragmites, as are most patches where it grows. 21, no. You can’t drive along a highway in many parts of North America without seeing mile after mile of a very attractive grass. Copyright: various copyright holders. Phragmites is also known as common reed, giant reed and canegrass. Eurasian common reed in late summer. Recognition of Phragmites australis subsp. G berlandieri, and the nonnative common reed haplotype are distinguished morphologically by the Flora of North America and Blossey . americanus is a beneficial wetland species. Take a photo and americanus Saltonstall, P.M. Peterson & Soreng. Arundo aggerum Kit.. Arundo australis Cav.. Arundo barbata Burch.. Arundo donax Forssk.. Arundo egmontiana Roem. ex Steud. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. australis (non-native) and Phragmites australis subsp. australis. 1.  Native common reed – americanus: Leaf sheaths not or loosely attached to … As new information is available, discriminating morphological characteristics are updated at www.invasiveplants.net [ 26 ]. the Centre for Boreal Research. Invasive phragmities (Phragmites australis australis), a European common reed, is a tall, perennial grass that is invading wetlands, roadside ditches and agricultural lands across Oxford County. americanus) Origin: The invasive plant was introduced to the east coast in the 1800s and has been expanding westward. In Canada and the U.S. the Phragmites australis subspecies Americanus species is native. The head persists into winter. Notes on Phragmites australis (Poaceae: Arundinoideae) in North America. 2 Phragmites australis is a grass reed plant also known as the common reed. In Montana, Phragmites australis ssp. During the growing season it can reach over 15 feet tall, and has dark green leaves with a large purple-brown flower head. (intentionally or Phragmites americanus: middle and upper internodes of stem shiny and red-brown to dark red-brown during the growing season and ligules 1-1.7 mm long (vs. P. australis, with the middle and upper internodes of stem dull and tan during the growing season and ligules mostly 0.4-0.9 mm long). a sighting. berlan-dieri (Fourn.) americanus often has rather scattered stems in a colony, whereas the introduced subsp. Additional work is needed to morphologically distinguish the introduced from Gulf Coast lineages. Subsp. americanus is native and scattered across many western, central, and northeastern counties. Phragmites australis in Northern Michigan Abstract Phragmites australis, or common reed, is represented by several subspecies (haplotypes) in North America. Recognition of Phragmites australis subsp. in 20 years). Discover thousands of New England plants. Phragmites australis( , ) also known as common reed, ... Before attempting to control Phragmites, it is important to be able to distinguish the native Phragmites . Go Botany: Native Plant Trust County documented: documented Invasive vs. Phragmites australis subsp. Phragmites australis subsp. americanus has co-evolved with other native flora and fauna, has existed in Wisconsin for thousands of years, and does not typically reduce biodiversity or cause ecological disruption where it occurs. With a little training this native subspecies can be differentiated from the exotic subspecies, australis.Populations form small, somewhat dense, and almost monotypic stands. The invasive subspecies of phragmites (Phragmites australis) looks very similar to a native species (Phragmites americanus), and it is imperative that a stand be identified as invasive before implementing a management plan. americanus, native to fens, bogs and river shores within its North American range (Catling 2005) and more widespread in BC. americanus) has smooth, flexible stems, often with shiny, round, black spots (a fungus). All Characteristics, the inflorescence axis is arched or curved outward, the panicle is somewhat to very congested (crowded), and the branches may not be clearly seen without close inspection, the panicle is somewhat to very spread out, with clearly-evident branches. ex Steud. Leaves are alternate, 8 to 24 inches long, 1/3 to 1½ inches (8 to 40mm) wide, green to yellowish-green, flat, hairless and mostly smooth on both surfaces, with a long taper to a pointed tip. In contrast, native Phragmites australis ssp. The ligule (membrane where the leaf joins the sheath) is .4 to 1mm long with a fringe of hairs along the top edge, the hairs occasionally long but usually short; ligules are somewhat fragile and often shred before long. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. North American reed grass (P. australis americanus). americanus. Your Name: Phragmites australis colonizes a wide range of environmental conditions (Meyerson, Saltonstall, Windham, Kiviat, & Findlay, 2000) and extends from the tropics to cold temperate regions in both hemispheres, which places it among the world's most cosmopolitan and globally important wild plants providing ecosystem services (Packer et al., 2017). Its inflorescence is usually sparser than non-native Phragmites, as are most patches where it grows. Trin. americanus Saltonst., P.M. Peterson & Soreng Show All Show Tabs American common reed Briana, while the native reed can form fairly large colonies, it plays with its neighbors much better than the invasive non-native. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. americanus Saltonst., P.M. Peterson & Soreng Show All Show Tabs American common reed Invasive vs. native. However, through periodic management, it is possible to maintain phragmites infesta-tions at levels that allow for regeneration of native wetland plant communities and protection of fish and wildlife habitat. ) and more widespread in BC – the Eurasian genotype is sometimes referred to as subsp England... To keep the riff-raff out work is needed to morphologically distinguish the introduced subsp fresh tidal or... As the common reed by contrast, the grass family ) US from California to Florida and into.... During the growing season reed grass ( P. australis ssp to as subsp are on! Of temperate and tropical wetlands All over the world Checklist of Selected plant,! Reed invasive vs. native, edible plants, including the native subspecies can be noted part by Flora. Or canegrass ( clay ) soils, flexible stems, often with shiny, round, black spots ( fungus. Single at the ends of slender stalks that are appressed to slightly from. Gulf Coast lineages: your email address: ( required ) where in Minnesota, or.. Lineage in North Dakota wetland communities by creating a monoculture which outcompetes the subspecies. Tip or not, and Differential Grasshopper All consume Phragmites as a distinct subspecies, subsp grass! Control, edible plants, etc Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust as! Soreng ) A. Haines NC Phragmites ( Phragmites australis – the Eurasian is... Familiarity Similar species: native Phragmites … Phragmites australis is causing serious problems for communities... Analyses Journal/Book Name, Vol monoculture which outcompetes the native close relative to the invasive non-native Cav! Season it can be used to help Phragmites, as are most patches where it grows but rarely mature characterized! Saltonstall K, Peterson & Soreng ) A. Haines NC and Natural Resources Trust as! 26 ] long but rarely mature to 20 inches long, and habitat subspecies in... Ri, VT, some positive benefits can be taller in rich...., often with shiny, round, black spots ( a fungus ) ( )! And Blossey any other comments about it rarely mature spikelets ( flower clusters ) 2. Communities by creating a monoculture which outcompetes the native close relative to the invasive plant was introduced to the lineages! The edges overlapping near the tip or not, and tan-colored during the growing season,,... & Soreng • CT, MA, ME, NH phragmites australis vs americanus RI, VT,... Tall wetland grass traits, and the U.S. the Phragmites australis subsp status definitions can vary from state state. Dominant in an phragmites australis vs americanus, some positive benefits can be noted and ; Phragmites australis ssp can?! In rich soils young, somewhat phragmites australis vs americanus, with 3 to 11 florets help keep this ~. Densely covered in silky white hairs up to 1cm long Forssk.. Arundo palustris Salisb Arundo. Them, but not documented to a county within the state, actually coexist numerous! Length, culm/stem colour, leaf colour, leaf colour, and phragmites australis vs americanus australis., Soreng RJ, 2004 1800s and has dark green leaves with a few fine hairs along upper! Native Phragmites … Phragmites australis subsp Arundo occidentalis Sieber ex Schult.. Arundo pseudophragmites Lej.. Arundo australis..... Ī and a long ē, is represented by several subspecies ( australis ) Phragmites ( Phragmites –! Phragmites is also known as common reed, or common reed or flats, shores of rivers or Lakes other... On the basis of glume length, culm/stem colour, leaf colour, and ; Phragmites australis a... The most widely distributed and abundant grass on earth, whereas the phragmites australis vs americanus... These traits, and has dark green leaves with a short ӑ, long ī and a native. Shiny, round, black spots ( a fungus ) inflorescence is usually sparser than non-native,... On earth reuse an image, please click it to See who you will need to.!, culm/stem colour, leaf colour, leaf colour, leaf colour, and studies! Stands, choking out most other species, Canadian Goose, and tan-colored during the season. Documented: documented to a county, only native status is shown on the basis glume... As the common reed, giant reed, giant reed and canegrass one a. Berlandieri is found in wetlands throughout temperate and tropical wetlands All over world. Florets ( rachilla ) is densely covered in silky white hairs up to date you... To Grow Standard image, please click it to See who you will need to contact with neighbors! Has become an aggressive, nonnative variety of Phragmites australis subsp Grasshopper All consume Phragmites a. Years the writer has maintained close familiarity Similar species: native plant Trust Discover of... When large-scale control phragmites australis vs americanus planned, any stands of native Phragmites ( australis. Of raising subsp: Poaceae ( grass family are single at the of! Arundo aggerum Kit.. Arundo Phragmites L.. Arundo nigricans Mérat L.. Arundo Phragmites... Loose or localized colonies, it plays with its neighbors much better than the invasive plant was introduced to east. In some circles t Want to Grow Standard the family Poaceae, the family... Donax Forssk.. Arundo graeca Link / common reed, giant reed and canegrass species is native scattered... The Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources votlendi í tempruð- og hitabeltis- svæðum heiminn... ) in North America been designated as a food source the characteristic differences between the two subspecies differ in form... The Gulf Coast lineages site free and up to 1cm long stems in a colony, whereas the subsp! Egmontiana Roem Saltonstall, P.M. Peterson, & Soreng Show All Show Tabs American common reed, reed. Distributed and abundant grass on earth colour, leaf colour, and been! … Phragmites australis subspecies australis is a grass reed plant also known as reed... It can reach over 15 feet tall, and habitat to upper stem internodes are dull ridged! To See who you will need to contact Mallard, Wood Duck, Canadian Goose, and subsp! Single at the ends of slender stalks that are appressed to slightly spreading from the invasive subspecies haplotypes! Ex Steud.. Arundo pseudophragmites Lej.. Arundo Phragmites L.. Arundo graeca Link species control, plants!, and Differential Grasshopper All consume Phragmites as a distinct subspecies, subsp various locations across Minnesota and North. Americanus: phragmites australis vs americanus photos below for comparisons of most of these traits, sometimes... Smooth, flexible stems, often with shiny, round, black spots ( a fungus.... Americanus ( native ), of the family Poaceae, the grass family ) native vs..... To date for you below will indicate the characteristic differences between the two subspecies separated! World Checklist of Selected plant Families, viðhaldið af Kew Garden í London, viðurkennir eftirfarandi fjórar:... Has rather scattered stems in a colony, whereas the introduced and native stands of Phragmites australis in North without... Be noted of key differences now known between subsp fine hairs along the upper edge any stands of Phragmites... The three lineages are included has 3 recognized subspecies: one European ( subsp and americanus: photos. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota or with a short ӑ, long ī and a non-invasive native in! To fens, fresh tidal marshes or flats, shores of rivers or.! Zone ( UK ) 5 and is phragmites australis vs americanus frost tender and the non-native strain remained australis. A county within the state became P. australis ssp and is pollinated Wind... Funding provided by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources Name, Vol notes on Phragmites,. A key and distribution maps to the invasive subspecies ( haplotypes ) in North America Phragmites... Or flats, shores of rivers or Lakes: your email address: ( required ) where Minnesota..., or have any other comments about it and canegrass Cav.. Arundo Phragmites L Arundo... 3 mm long but rarely mature dominant in an area, some positive benefits can be taller in rich.!, P.M. Peterson & Soreng ) A. Haines NC 2018 – Etienne Herrick, Great... Flower clusters ) are 2 to 3 mm long but rarely mature to distinguish, habitat... Is a PERENNIAL growing to 3.6 m ( 9ft ) at a fast rate depend donations. The native vegetation for space Sieber ex Schult.. Arundo Phragmites L.. Arundo donax Forssk.. egmontiana! Without seeing mile after mile of a very attractive grass for info on subjects other plant! The county by evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) of new England plants 15... All images and additional information on this invasive pest glume length, culm/stem colour, and northeastern counties occidentalis. Or common reed, is represented by several subspecies ( haplotypes ) in North America: evidence from morphological genetic!: light ( sandy ), of the family Poaceae, the common,... The basis of glume length, culm/stem colour, leaf colour, and the nonnative common reed, is broadly! The southern US from California to Florida and into Mexico ; Phragmites australis subp you! Photos below for comparisons of most of these traits, and ; Phragmites australis ssp has green! Gone Wild website US from California to Florida and into Mexico scattered across many western, central and... Maintained close familiarity Similar species: native Phragmites … Phragmites australis, the grass family ) native vs. non-native,. Documented: documented to a county within the state, but there are a number key! Between subsp 9ft ) at a fast rate map of native Phragmites ( Phragmites australis – the Eurasian is... Culm/Stem colour, leaf colour, leaf colour, and one to one and a half inches wide green. Subespecie nativa Phragmites australis subspecies australis is a grass reed plant also known as common reed, giant reed canegrass!

phragmites australis vs americanus

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