I would think that most places would offer a snippet. Legacy linen, which Mary Corbert loves, isn’t available here under that brand. Thanks for the link. Looking closely, you can see that the threads are of similar thickness and that the linen has “holes” between the threads. Kathy. The linen from Borderie Bayeux is found in an odd place – under “other product” then go to “wool” and you will find it. “Finer linen demands good eyesight, perseverance and practice”. This is a linen that one sees often in French embroidery. If you understand that the “count” means threads per inch then converting from a European to a North American thread count isn’t difficult. Flax/Linen Source. A field of linen in the French sunshine takes my breath away! Let’s talk about linen. Liebe Grüße, Yes, well…that’s something to look forward to, isn’t it? You didn’t say directly, but I assume one can buy linen from Broderie Bayeux? We are discussing in details the linen properties below: Linen Properties. Liebe Grüße,, This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. (Fäden=thread in German), If I was purchasing that same linen in the USA it would say “40 count linen” on the label. High High-density foam is naturally the heaviest; beds with high-density foam comfort layers and support cores typically weigh 75 to 90 pounds, or more in some cases Average price Low Because low-density foam is relatively inexpensive, mattresses with this material have the lowest average price-point: about $500 to $750 Yes sounds luscious, but if you put fruity and spicy colored floss on top it would look absolutely delicious! For some countries that use the metric system, the area is 1 cm2 and 2.54 is multiplied to convert it into the correct measurement of density. the cross stitch linen is typically labelled as “evenweave”. That way the cross stitches will created the design correctly. I decided to search for places with high density of mobs which I can kill and drop [Linen Cloth].I traveled around Azeroth, and after a while I made a list of places. I just wrote a long, detailed comment response to you and the internet stopped working and it disappeared! I bought it at Sophia Passion in Bayeux. Linen spinning did not really progress until James Kay of Preston invented &lsquowet spinning&rsquo in 1825. Real linen bedding essentials for every bed from tiny toddler bed to super king – duvet covers, housewife pillowcases, ruffled pillow shams, seamless fitted sheets, flat sheets in mild white, natural gray, rose brown, dark gray and a big variety of superb colors. It was wonderful to see the close-up photos of the threads in the different linens. the density values for all three fabrics are the same because they are composed of equivalent volume fractions of the same materials. The count is only a little higher (the density of the threads per cm is only a little more than the linen in the first photo) but the individual threads are so thick that there aren’t any “holes” between the warp and the weft. Linen fabric has a number of properties, that makes it highly useful for various applications, in industry, in home furnishings and apparels. Sophie Passion, I order from Philipa too but haven’t tried the linen twill from Sue Hawkins. The linen on the left is the linen I am using. I do mostly counted cross stitch on linen. The source I found was Vetty Creations in Australia. I think it’s a beautiful color and looks fabulous when stitched with white or red and white threads. Comments? But the GSM and cover factor also depend on the thread density. You can see the pins in the fabric showing where the top and bottom of 1 cm in length. The color sound luscious! Another term is specific gravity, which is the ratio of the mass of a fiber material and the mass of an equal volume of water (density 1g/cm3). Even if I have to pay postage its worth saving myself from making an investment in a linen that does not meet my needs. The density, also called volumic mass or mass density, is the mass per unit volume and has ρ as its symbol. Most of the books I’ve seen talk about using only up to 40ct, but, whilst that’s going to produce something smaller, I kinda feel it’s not quite small enough to be really convincing 1:12 scale. Linen is sold according to thread count. Linen fabric is made from the cellulose fibers that grow inside of the stalks of the flax plant, or Linum usitatissimum, one of the oldest cultivated plants in human history. Share it with us! In the direct system, the linear density of plied yarn is the simple summation of linear densities of the individual components, i.e. Physical Properties of Linen: Physical properties of linen fibers are given below: Color: The color of linen fiber is yellowish to grey. Tensile Strength: Linen is a strong fiber. Elongation at break: Linen does not stress easily. Linen is a durable fiber, as is two-three times as strong as cotton. Required fields are marked *. SO again, and to you personally just in case… We specialize in supplying timeless stylish, designer-quality pure organic linen bedding for your home. Liebe GrüSe, I agree with you about the threads vs the openness of the weave. Fabric density helps explain the thickness of textile products. That’s set me thinking!! I was told with a chidding snicker ” I don’t know where its from.” Well! Hi Wendi, I particularly enjoyed your comparisons of various linens with side-by-side photos. Although it’s a relatively high count (but not the highest!) Naturally it isn’t quite that straightforward: here in Europe the thread count is measured in threads per centimetre. Top quality flax is primarily grown in Western Europe. Es ist teuer! It helps compare which of these are suitable for use in summer or winter: the higher the number, the heavier the product, and the more suitable it will be for colder months. I so enjoy your blog posts. Then I opened the second package and saw this linen: it’s only 50 count linen as opposed to the 60 count from Broderie Bayeux, but the threads are much more plump. The higher the GSM, the heavier the towel and the softer and more absorbent. It has a tenacity of 5.5 to 6.5 gm/den. The strength is greater than cotton fiber. For all other counts, the higher the number the thinner the yarn. NeK is an indirect measure of linear density. You’ll know what that means too!=). Good on you for being particular and doing things properly. I recently had to search very hard for some 38 ct / inch linen. In Tex, Denier, Decitex, Linen, Hemp, Jute, Woollen (Aberdeen) and Woollen (US grain); the higher the number the thicker the yarn. I think the hardest thing about buying linen online is that you can’t touch it. Linen varies from a creamy white to greyish brown, the depth of colour depending largely on the time and condition of retting. It has an elongation at break of 2.7 to 3.5 … Specified lengths of yarn are wound on reels as skein, and then weighed. As of 2010, lower-end linen, which is rougher than a more finely woven linen, can be found for $12.98 a yard. Kathy. linear density (R) = T1 + T2 + T3 + … + TN, where T1, T2 … TN are the linear densities of n individual components expressed in tex. The golden cast really brings out the colors in the wools. In the past, we’ve explained the importance of thread count, and what it means for bed linen and textiles. While thread count is suitable to describe bed linen, fabric density is used to measure thicker woven textiles like sofa cushions, bedspreads, throws, and blankets. The cost of linen varies widely and depends on the quality of the fibers used and the density of the weave. What is the big secret?! Linen Hamper High Density Blue Soiled Linen … Glad the post helped so many of you! Here’s what each weight is good for: (It is expensive!) So a linen with a “count of 12 is a much looser weave that linen with a count of 50, for example. The link is: http://suehawkins.com/shop/product-category/shop/tools-fabrics/fabrics/linen-twill/msy, Hi Sharon, Kathy. Here is the link. Flax fibers vary in length from about 25 to 150 mm (1 to 6 in) and average 12–16 micrometers in diameter. Unfortunately I don’t know italian and I believe the shipping could be prohibitive to here. While evidence is scant from prehistoric times, it appears that Neolithic peoples in Europe were making textiles from linen as long as 36,000 years ago.Therefore, linen is one of the longest-produced textiles, and its history may stretch back even farther than the most ancient evidence that modern archaeology has uncovered. While thread count is suitable to describe bed linen, fabric density is used to measure thicker woven textiles like sofa cushions, bedspreads, throws, and blankets. Linen possesses a natural crispness when ironed damp, thus does not require starching, and has a natural lustre. I often consider myself an ‘honorary German’ in that I do like to do things properly. There are several different brands and they look very similar to what you have pictured. The linen above is 14 threads/cm OR 35 count white linen. The strength is greater than cotton fiber. Lastly the linen from Luzine Happel. Kathy. Kathy. How it feels is as important to me as the count. The higher the thread count or number, the more densely the linen is woven. Or maybe the linen from Borderie Bayeux? no voids). I’d love some good high count stuff though, to try miniature (dolls house sized) counted thread work on.=) Do let us know if you find a preiswert supply somewhere! There you will find her contact details. I, too, find it difficult to find like minded embroiderers! Your email address will not be published. Kathy. 16 threads/cm (40 count) white linen from Luzine Happel. It is a measurement that provides the base weight of the fabric, given as a value of grams per square metre. It’s soft. The following equations are based on a rule-of-mixtures approach assuming a solid material (i.e. Another thing that stores will do is call something ‘Belgium or Irish linen” but it’s more of a generic term than actual linen from those areas.I called one online store and asked about the Ulster linen that they sold, questioning the country of origin. I would also love to find a good quality cotton muslin of the same thread count. Learn how your comment data is processed. She told me it is the same quality of linen used in the original. It is a measurement that provides the base weight of the fabric, given as a value of grams per square metre. Hi Sharon, The higher the thread count or number, the more densely the linen is woven. 4.6 out of 5 stars 834 ratings. (Warp = threads that run vertically. Ideas of where to buy linen online – if you don’t have a needlework store in your area? Vintage linen is very desirable, it’s soft and the feeling is very hard to replicate by any mechanical process. This is more than a simple maths lesson though. GSM stands for grams per square meter; it’s a measure of the density of a towel. I think that a good quality linen makes all the difference to the outcome of my stitching projects as well as being a pleasure to work with. lol I love doing reproduction samplers. NeL or Lea (Linen Count): The number of 300 yards (270 m) lengths per 1 pound (0.45 kg) of yarn. Physical properties of linen fibers are given below: Tensile Strength: Linen is a strong fiber. I know it’s produced in Europe but I don’t know where or by whom and I WILL NOT pay export duty twice – once when the linen is imported to the USA and then again when I order it and must pay duty when it comes back into the EU. To figure out the inches to cm count, divide the “count” by 2.54 and you will have the European size), 14 threads/cm (35 count) white linen Sophia Passion. How many threads there are per inch or centimetre determines the number (and is the density) of the linen. It’s a 35 count linen I bought in the USA and I’m 99% sure it’s from Zweigert. Typical Properties of Phenolic Laminates (Sheet Form) Physical: Astm Test Method: Paper: Canvas: Linen: Density (lb/in^3) D792: 0.049: 0.05: 0.048: Specific Gravity In Len.Ok linen sheets we have this measurement of 66 yarns per inch (260 per meter) THREAD DENSITY I would love a small sample of the 2 linens you mentioned, thanks for your offer!=) You have my e-mail attached to this comment, so feel free to drop me a line when you have a moment and we can arrange it. Calm, slow, careful stitches gave the appearance of activity, skill and usefulness, but the mind was free to think, to be quiet, to wander...
How are these different from handkerchief linen – whole different animal? The linen on the right comes from Broderie Bayeux and it’s count is 60! I agree with you about not being able to touch and feel the linen when I purchase on-line.
I’m always on the lookout for an openweave linen with a high thread count, say between 50 and 60 threads per inch for pulled work. I think cross stitch linen is different. Linen is used for variety of uses: from bed and bath fabrics, home and commercial furnishing items, apparel items to industrial products. She says in her book, Basic Principals of Schwalm Whitework, “…your time and efforts deserve the very best fabric”. Higher end linen sheets may cost up to hundreds of dollars, while lower quality linen sheets can … Fabric density indicates the number of warp yarns and weft yarns in 1 inch2. Possible uses for Line Density include finding density of roads as an influence on wildlife habitat or density of utility lines in a town. Or at least buy a small amount and work with the fabric. Thank you so much for the lesson on linen! Left 14 threads/cm Zweigert linen – Right 24 threads/cm from Broderie Bayeaux. I look forward to your next posts. Lyn, Glad to know you enjoy reading The Unbroken Thread – than you! Thanks for the site in Australia and in Italy – we have people from all over so it helps to have as many resources as possible! Benefits of linen Linen is a very durable fibre and has many benefits over cotton.- Linen is 30% stronger than cotton- Has a high moisture absorbency- Hypo-allergenic Kathy. Hopefully another reader in South Arica will let us all know a good source for the kind of linen you’re looking for. It would be beautiful but you’ve made me hungry for oatmeal now…with raisins and maybe a touch of good old fashioned American brown sugar. It is fine linen indeed! I thought the first linen I showed you (photo 2) was incredible when I open the package. Liebe Grüße, It helps compare which of these are suitable for use in summer or winter: the higher the number, the heavier the product, and the more suitable it will be for colder months. This approach has been used by Pénicot [PEN 98] with the Kozeny–Carman model (see section 5.4.3 ) validated across a range of packing densities from 0.2 to 0.7. It has an elongation at break of 2.7 to 3.5 %. Thread counts range from as low as 20 threads per inch as used in tobacco cloth to as high as 350 threads per inch, found in typewriter ribbon fabrics. Some vendors only deal wholesale, stores sell linen but dont disclose the vendor, thread count etc. NeK is also referred to as the spinning count. Fabric density helps explain the thickness of textile products. GSM is to towels what thread count is to sheets. I’ve learnt to go to any shop I can find and see what they have. LG, Kathy. I was confused by the European count method when I first began embroidering and had no idea what the equivalent to U.S. thread count was! Liebe Grüße’ Any questions about linen? You can contact Chantel James by clicking on the “Contact” link on the home page. What can I say RMW? I mainly use linen twill which I buy online from UK sources (Crewel Works Co.,(very beautiful oatmeal color and super quality), Sue Hawkins (she uses a golden-tinted finer linen twill made in Belgium that I really like), and another source that I thought was of lesser quality (Lenham Needlecraft). Kathy, Your email address will not be published. Linen is the best fabric to have on your skin if you tend to overheat, and this cover is breathable but warm. History of Linen. Flax fibers can usually be identified by their “nodes” which add to the flexibility and texture of the fabric. Linen is our canvas and I have to say that as a surface embroiderer it is very frustrating trying to find a high count, quality linen. So no, I’m not talking about Aida here. It’s right under the word “Home”. From this the linear density is calculated from the weight and length of the skein. The ideal weight for linen sheets is between 175 and 190 grams per square meter. The cost of linen varies widely and depends on the quality of the fibers used and the density of the weave. It may be bleached to white or near white, or to any stage between the original colour and white, and is found on the market at the various stages of bleaching. How many threads there are per inch or centimetre determines the number (and is the density) of the linen. I do have several online sources sending me samples of linen that they sale. Linenspa High Density Squares- Replacement Cushion for Sofa or Chairs -Multiple Sizes Upholstery Foam, 18 X 18, 1" Depth Visit the Linenspa Store. In order to attain fibers of the maximum length, the plant is uprooted from the ground and the fibers are macerated. NeL is an indirect measure of linear density. Please let me know and I could send a tiny sample so you can see if it’s fine enough… As for price,you’re right it isn’t preiswert! So a linen with a “count of 12 is a much looser weave that linen with a count of 50, for example. It’s very stiff even after I wash it by hand and air dry it. I do appreciate this blog. It’s a natural fabric that comes from a plant with beautiful blue flowers. Blue Liners for Soiled Linens. While the thread count is a measurement of the number of threads in a given area – that is, how tightly woven the threads are – the fabric density is another measurement indicating how much fibre is in a metre square, thereby allowing us to determine how strong and thick a fabric is. The next photo is of two linens for the Bateau Bayeux project. To contact Luzine Happel go to her home page and scroll down to the very bottom. Linen is a textile made from hairs of the flax plant. What is fabric density, and how is it different to thread count? Hi Sarah, Thank you for the info re: linen available at Broderie Bayeux. It is GORGEOUS linen. Definitions of variables used: v = Volume v_f = Volume Fraction m = Mass d = Density Mass: I don’t get through that many projects in a year. Use for linen has changed in time and especially in the last 30 years. (To figure out the cm to inches count , multiply the threads per cm by 2.54 and you will have the threads per inch.
Fabric density at least for Irish linens that make them seem warmer than wool alternatives . Your collective knowledge is far greater than mine! I used to do loads of cross stitch. Liebe Grüße, Kathy – It was a necessary skill, it was an accomplishment, it was a chance to appear to be active while giving ones mind free rein to consider, to think. Thanks for the clarification! I started cross stitching on Aida but found evenweave / linen and switched and never went back. Yarn linear density is often measured using standard test method ASTM D1907. Thanks for the photos and clear comparison of the various linens. It is usually expressed in grams per cubic centimeter. Great post Kathy – very helpful. You are -as is often the case – one step ahead of me! Linen is a material made from the fibres of the flax plant. Lovely, lovely linen. The fabric is called Aida and is woven to create exactly even squares of fabric with exactly spaced holes. The tex system has units measured in grams (g) per 1,000 metres (m). Sometimes the linen required needs to have fine threads with a more open weave for pulled and drawn thread projects and other times a linen is needed with a close weave and round/fat threads for surface embroidery and cut work projects. It’s called a natural linen.The color is similar to the plant after it’s been processed. NeS (Woollen Count or Yorkshire Skein): The number of 256 yards (234 m) lengths per 1 pound (0.45 kg) of yarn. They are more expensive than Aida, but a nicer hand, and easier to do “over one” or half cross stitches. Linen is a bast fiber. I made this Linen Cloth Farming guide to help out players who want to farm the cloths instead of buying them from the Auction House. There are “holes” between the warp and the weft and, although they don’t show as clearly in the photo, they are about the same size as the linen in the top photo. Advice? This linen is 12 threads/cm or 30 count linen. Length: 18 to 30 inch in length. Herzlichen Dank, Kathy, yes 50ct would be fine enough. The original flax to be used for its fibre was the wild, Linum angustifolium. You probably go through more fabric than I do so cost is a primary consideration. 12 threads/cm natural linen from Sophia Passion. ... Linen's cool and comfortable wearing properties have made it a favourite summer fabric for millennia. Here is a completely different linen from the first two. The main difference between this linen and the top linen is that this one is much rougher in the hand. An unbroken thread of women, stitching quietly, their minds pondering, considering, thinking, deliberating...for ages and ages. There is a post coming up about the shop in Bayeux called Broderie Bayeux and, yes, she does sell the linen.By the way, I think I answered via email but I may have missed it with school getting ready to start (tomorrow aarrgghh!) Sounds like what you have now it far superior! Strength: An important property of linen is its strength. As of 2010, lower-end linen, which is rougher than a more finely woven linen, can be found for $12.98 a yard. Aida is too stiff and I haven’t worked with it for probably 30 plus years now. Liebe Grüße, The biggest difficulty about linen is where to buy it. This is probably the best way to see the quality of the fabric. Liebe Grüße, it depends. There are few embroidery shops in Cape Town and little choice of linens, most are Zweigart from DMC. I’ll use it for my next Bayeux Tapestry replica. Liebe Grüße, Linen fiber is a textile fiber obtained from the stalk of a small plant called Linum usitatissimum, it’s about one meter tall, with a few branches and small light blue flowers. Price … She also suggests that beginners (like me) use 14 threads/cm linen. I really want to try some surface embroidery projects on linen, I have heard so much about it. I like the fact that her pricing includes shipping so no checkout shock – I’m in Canada. This type is often used for everyday household linens and clothing. I’m going to go check it out right now! While the thread count is a measurement of the number of threads in a given area – that is, how tightly woven the threads are – the fabric density is another measurement indicating how much fibre is in a metre square, thereby allowing us to determine how strong and thick a fabric is. If anyone can enlighten us further, please let us know via the comments. High Density Blue Soiled Linen Liners. This is the linen that Madame Chantel, the owner of the shop, uses in her kits. The packing density thus obtained cannot be separated from the associated pressure drop expression and does not, in any case, translate the real value of the packing density of the cake. Kathy, For example, to convert the density from meters per square meter into miles per square meter, multiply the output density by a factor of 1,609.344 (the numbers of meters in a mile). Kathy. Re cross stitch linen – as long as its even weave, it’ll work for cross stitch. Linen A Line Maxi Skirt. Weft = threads that run horizontally. Might work for those of you in Europe though. I wish that the online shop owners would take advantage of the technology to show us the linen up close with some kind of ruler next to the threads so we would have a better idea of what we were ordering. Linen is bast fiber. Be the first to write a review. Really enjoyed this post. When I go to purchase linen is says something like “16 Fäden/cm” on the label. Hi Dianne, GSM ranges from 300 to 900. I went to Happel’s and Bayeux website but did not see the linen that either use so that I can purcase. Liebe Grüße, This linen isn’t “heavy” but it drapes like a heavy linen. No Reviews. Registered at Berlin Charlottenburg under registration number HRB 136641. I know it takes time to set it up but it sure would be helpful and, who knows!, it might boost their sales There are two varieties: shorter tow fibers used for coarser fabrics and longer line fibers used for finer fabrics.