There is a similar pattern in Alabama, even though that state is currently at odds with the Democratic Administration in Washington because of George Wallace. In fact, most of our concrete accomplishments have been limited largely to the South. One of the most basic of these realities was pointed out by the President’s Riot Commission, which observed that the nature of the American economy in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries made is possible for the European immigrants of that time to escape from poverty. He had no friends in the courts of the powerful. And yet I have seen these same families achieve harmony when they were able to afford a house allowing for a little personal privacy and freedom of movement. Nonviolence. The Great Society has become a victim of the war. He often sees the Army as an avenue for educational opportunities and job training. New methods of escape must be found. This is a situation that cuts across this country’s economic spectrum. A Testament of Hope The Essential Writings of Martin Luther King Jr. Book Details: A Testament of Hope PDF: The Essential Writings and Speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr. I’m sure that most whites felt that with the passage of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, all race problems were automatically solved. Urban transit systems in most American cities, for example, have become a genuine civil rights issue—and a valid one—because the layout of rapid-transit systems determines the accessibility of jobs to the black community. A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings and Speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr. is a compilation of writings and speeches from the life of Martin Luther King from his rise to prominence during the 1956 Birmingham, Alabama, bus boycott to an interview given just ten days before his assassination in 1968 and articles published shortly after. ISBN: 0060646918. This is a sensitive and touchy problem that has rarely been adequately emphasized. A Gift of Love: Sermons from Strength to Love and Other Preachings... Where Do We Go from Here: Chaos or Community? But, then more "bad new" occurs, and we begin to think, that, no: yes, things are really bad, or maybe worse than we believed. It was an economy that had room for—even a great need for—unskilled manual labor. Rioting and violence provide no solutions for economic problems. And according to a recent Department of Labor statistical report, 24.8 percent of Negro youth are currently unemployed, a statistic that does not include the drifters who avoid the census takers. to. These fine sentiments are embodied in the Declaration of Independence, but that document was always a declaration of intent rather than of reality. I believe there is an important place in our struggle for white liberals and I hope that their present estrangement from our movement is only temporary. People are often surprised to learn that I am an optimist. The summer poverty programs, like most other Government projects, function well in some places and are totally ineffective in others. And what do you think this knowledge does to his soul? "Where Do We Go From Here: Chaos or Community?" The comfortable, the entrenched, the privileged cannot continue to tremble at the prospect of change in the status quo. This is not a nation of venal people. America seems to have reached this point. A Summary of A Testament of Hope The Essentials Writings of Martin Luther King Jr. They fail, however, to perceive the sense of affirmation generated by the challenge of embracing struggle and surmounting obstacles. It said right would triumph. It has shown him that he has the potential to participate in the determination of his own destiny—and that of society. I think it is significant that there are no Federal referees at all in the home districts of the most powerful Southern Senators—particularly Senators Russell, Eastland and Talmadge. These are our bright years of emergence; though they are painful ones, they cannot be avoided. But many white people in the past joined our movement with a kind of messianic faith that they were going to save the Negro and solve all of his problems very quickly. Intelligent men of good will everywhere must see this as their task and contribute to its support. Because most white people are so far removed from the life of the average Negro, there has been little to challenge this assumption. The desegregation of public facilities cost nothing; neither did the election and appointment of a few black public officials. Cookies helfen uns dabei, das Benutzererlebnis zu verbessern. It reveals systemic rather than superficial flaws and suggests that radical reconstruction of society itself is the real issue to be faced. The power and moral corruption of these Senators remain unchallenged, despite the weapon for change the legislation promised to be. This is what we mean when we talk about redeeming the soul of America. I think that the place to start, however, is in the area of human relations, and especially in the area of community-police relations. Virtually every riot has begun from some police action. And white people are sadly unaware how routinely and frequently this occurs. In cases such as the Farmers’ Marketing Cooperative Association in the black belt of Alabama and the Child Development Group in Mississippi, where the people were really involved in the planning and action of the program, it was one of the best experiences in self-help and grass-roots initiative. The black surge toward freedom has raised justifiable demands for racial justice in our major cities at a time when all the problems of city life have simultaneously erupted. Words. He was a man who was big enough to admit when he was wrong—as he did after the Bay of Pigs incident. It is already decisive in states that have large numbers of electoral votes. It shines in the long tradition of American ideals that began with courageous minutemen in New England, that continued in the Abolitionist movement, that re-emerged in the Populist revolt and, decades later, that burst fourth to elect Franklin Roosevelt and John F. Kennedy. The past record of the Federal Government, however, has not been encouraging. It hardly needs to be said that solutions to these critical problems are overwhelmingly urgent. We are doing the same thing in this country and the result will probably be the same—unless, and here I admit to a bit of chauvinism, the black man in America can provide a new soul force for all Americans, a new expression of the American dream that need not be realized at the expense of other men around the world, but a dream of opportunity and life that can be shared with the rest of the world. From inside the book . In these trying circumstances, the black revolution is much more than a struggle for the rights of Negroes. But in places like Chicago, where poverty programs are used strictly as a tool of the political machinery and for dispensing party patronage, the very concept of helping the poor is defiled and the poverty programs becomes just another form of enslavement. A Testament of Hope contains Martin Luther King, Jr.'s essential thoughts on nonviolence, social policy, integration, black nationalism, the ethics of love and hope, and more. But the Negro community cannot win this victory alone; indeed, it would be an empty victory even if the Negroes could win it alone. But for the Negro GI, military service still represents a means of escape from the oppressive ghettos of the rural South and the urban North. Category: Religion. A Testament of Hope: A Survivor's Guide to Cultural Evangelicalism | Dolby, James, Ph.D. | ISBN: 9780805953817 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Document ID 080000-001 Document Date 1907-1908 Document Type Photo Status The Negro today cannot escape from his ghetto in the way that Irish, Italian, Jewish and Polish immigrants escaped from their ghettos 50 years ago. In our “arrogance, lawlessness and ingratitude,” we will fight for human justice, brotherhood, secure peace and abundance for all. They know that life in the city ghetto of life in the rural South almost certainly means jail or death or humiliation. Much of the justification for rioting has come from the thesis—originally set fourth by Franz Fanon—that violence has a certain cleansing effect. Stephen Vincent Benét had a message for both white and black Americans in the title of a story, Freedom Is a Hard Bought Thing. Perhaps, in a special psychological sense, he may have had a point. We have confronted the racist policemen of the South and demanded reforms in the police departments. Millions of Americans are coming to see that we are fighting an immoral war that costs nearly 30 billion dollars a year, that we are perpetuating racism, that we are tolerating almost 40,000,000 poor during an overflowing material abundance. On these grounds, I must indict the Johnson Administration. President Johnson did respond realistically to the signs of the times and used his skills as a legislator to get bills through Congress that other men might not have gotten through.